The archives of the world’s first peer-reviewed science journal are now openly available!
In 1662, the newly formed ‘Royal Society of London for Improving Natural Knowledge’ was granted a charter to publish by King Charles II. On 6 March 1665, the first issue of Philosophical Transactions was published. After the introduction, the first paper is about making lenses for telescopes and controlling chromatic aberrations.
And, just a few years later, Isaac Newton published a paper on his theory of light.
Maggie Koerth-Baker at BoingBoing links to some especially interesting papers in the historical archive: Royal Society opens archive, kills productivity.